Garachico and the volcano that changed history.

Blog Hotel El Duque

15 October 2021

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Garachico and the volcano that changed history

With this post we begin a series of three emblematic towns on the Island of Tenerife. This first town is the story of how a volcano changed the future of a port and its people.

Garachico and the volcano that changed history

Garachico is today one of the most important historical centers in the Canary Islands. The rich historical-artistic heritage inherited from the past and the special care that has been taken in its conservation, earned it the award, in 1980, of the Gold Medal for Merit in Fine Arts. Respect for that legacy has made it possible for Garachico to present itself to us today as a valuable sample of art in the Canary Islands, particularly urban planning and traditional architecture of the Archipelago. For this reason, the urban fabric of the municipal capital was declared by the Canary Government, in February 1994, as an Asset of Cultural Interest with the category of Historic Complex.

During the 16th and 17th centuries, Garachico became the main port of the island. Ships loaded with wine and sugar sailed from him to America and Europe, which made the population progress economically.

Garachico and the volcano that changed history

On May 5, 1706, an eruption of the Trevejo volcano, also called Montaña Negra or Arenas Negras, ended the town’s golden period. At dawn, seven lava flows descended the slope, devastating and burying a large part of the town, especially its port, which was completely covered. Despite everything, there were no fatalities. After this natural disaster, merchants then began to use the Puerto de la Cruz dock and Garachico was left as a small fishing port. The lava flow that reached the sea won the municipality territory and some pools and puddles known as El Caletón.

Garachico and the volcano that changed history



The economy of the municipality is based on small businesses, tourism, restaurants and agriculture. The vertical distribution of the territory contributes to differentiate two agricultural areas: the coastal strip, where extensive farms are located, mainly destined to the cultivation of bananas for export, and the mid-range area, where self-consumption agriculture is established and where there is greater atomization of ownership.


The fact that the municipality has become a must-see, and the activity of several hotel infrastructures, have contributed to the development of commerce and restaurants. The development of the Sports and Fishing Port will constitute another source of economic activity.

Garachico and the volcano that changed history





The main tourist attraction is the natural pools of El Caletón, which are complemented by other pools and small coves that line the town’s waterfront (El Guincho, La Caleta de Interián, etc.) In the bay and in the old man’s mouth. Dock there are suitable places for diving, as long as the sea conditions allow it, you leave perfectly equipped and accompanied by expert and knowledgeable people in the area.


Another place for recreation and leisure in nature is the Arenas Negras camping area, located in the full volcanic landscape dominated by the famous 1706 volcano. Hiking enriches the alternatives of enjoyment, through old paths and old paths. Real whose route reveals to the walker corners of singular beauty that keep much of the traditional Canarian culture.




If you would like to visit this charming town, do not hesitate to contact the reception of Hotel El Duque. From here we can provide you with all the information you need to spend a day with your family in this corner of the island of Tenerife.


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